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ThinkMind // COCORA 2014, The Fourth International Conference on Advances in Cognitive Radio // View article cocora_2014_1_40_80029


Hybrid Approach Analysis of Energy Detection and Eigenvalue Based Spectrum Sensing Algorithms with Noise Power Estimation

Authors:
Pawan Dhakal
Daniel Riviello
Roberto Garello
Federico Penna

Keywords: Cognitive radio; spectrum sensing; hybrid detectors; noise estimation

Abstract:
Two particular semi-blind spectrum sensing algorithms are taken into account in this paper: Energy Detection (ED) and Roy's Largest Root Test (RLRT). Both algorithms require the knowledge of the noise power in order to achieve optimal performance. Since by its nature the noise power is unpredictable, noise variance estimation is needed in order to cope with the absence of prior knowledge of the noise power: this leads to a new hybrid approach for both considered detectors. Probability of detection and false alarm with this new approach are derived in closed-form expressions. The impact of noise estimation accuracy for ED and RLRT is evaluated in terms of Receiver Operating Characteristic (ROC) curves and performance curves, i.e., detection/misdetection probability as a function of the Signal to Noise Ratio (SNR). Analytical results have been confirmed by numerical simulations under a flat-fading channel scenario. It is concluded that both hybrid approaches tend to their ideal cases when a large number of slots is used for noise variance estimation and that the impairment due to noise uncertainty is reduced on RLRT w.r.t. ED.

Pages: 20 to 25

Copyright: Copyright (c) IARIA, 2014

Publication date: February 23, 2014

Published in: conference

ISSN: 2308-4251

ISBN: 978-1-61208-323-0

Location: Nice, France

Dates: from February 23, 2014 to February 27, 2014

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