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ThinkMind // GREEN 2020, The Fifth International Conference on Green Communications, Computing and Technologies // View article green_2020_1_10_80018


Economic and Environmental Benefits of Electric, Hybrid and Conventional Vehicle Treatment in Lithuania

Authors:
Rasa Tverskytė
Kamilė Petrauskienė
Jolanta Dvarionienė

Keywords: electric and conventional car; economic benefit; environmental impact; end-of-life vehicles

Abstract:
End-of-Life Vehicles’ (ELV) recovery and recycling is encouraged not only due to the targets set in the Directive on ELV, but also due to economic and environmental benefits. Automotive remanufacturing serves as a specific circular marketing system of recovered parts’ reuse that can bring economic benefit both for dismantling companies and consumers. Moreover, in terms of greenhouse gas emissions, reuse of the recovered parts or the secondary resources from ELV may save CO2 emissions in manufacturing new cars or their parts. For this reason, four passenger cars with different engine types were analysed in order to reveal the economic and environmental benefits that ELV dismantling and reuse of the recovered vehicle parts may bring to dismantlers and passenger car owners. The results showed that the greatest economic benefit is that 41% of ELV-hybrid car mass can be sold in parts that would save up to 3,835 Eur as an economic benefit for the dismantlers and 17,153 Eur for the consumers. In addition, 35% of ELV-electric car mass can be sold in parts for reuse and it can bring 8,812 Eur for the dismantling company. Meanwhile, consumers would save up to 6,614 Eur when buying used parts for their car repair. Besides, an ELV-petrol car and an ELV-diesel car can be sold in parts 27% and 25%, respectively, and make economic benefits accordingly. In terms of global warming, treatment of ELV parts can save CO2 emissions caused by metal extraction. As a result, a secondary resource recovery can save 23–44% CO2-eq needed for the primary metal extraction.

Pages: 1 to 3

Copyright: Copyright (c) IARIA, 2020

Publication date: November 21, 2020

Published in: conference

ISSN: 2519-8483

ISBN: 978-1-61208-826-6

Location: Valencia, Spain

Dates: from November 21, 2020 to November 25, 2020

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