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ThinkMind // ICQNM 2014, The Eighth International Conference on Quantum, Nano/Bio, and Micro Technologies // View article icqnm_2014_1_20_70034


Optimal Choice of Basis Transformations for Entanglement Swapping Based QKD Protocols

Authors:
Stefan Schauer
Martin Suda

Keywords: quantum key distribution; optimal basis transformations; security analysis; entanglement swapping

Abstract:
In this article, we discuss the optimality of basis transformations as a security measure for quantum key distribution protocols based on entanglement swapping. To estimate the security, we focus on the information an adversary obtains on the raw key bits from a generic version of a collective attack strategy. In the scenario described in this article, the application of general basis transformations serving as a counter measure by one or both legitimate parties is analyzed. In this context, we show that the angles, which describe these basis transformations, can be optimized compared to the application of a Hadamard operation, which is the standard basis transformation recurrently found in literature. As a main result, we show that the adversary's information can be reduced to an amount of $I_{AE} simeq 0.20752$ when using a single basis transformation and to an amount of $I_{AE} simeq 0.0548$ when combining two different basis transformations. This is less than half the information compared to other protocols using a Hadamard operation and thus represents an advantage regarding the security of entanglement swapping based protocols.

Pages: 8 to 13

Copyright: Copyright (c) IARIA, 2014

Publication date: November 16, 2014

Published in: conference

ISSN: 2308-3530

ISBN: 978-1-61208-380-3

Location: Lisbon, Portugal

Dates: from November 16, 2014 to November 20, 2014

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