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ThinkMind // International Journal On Advances in Intelligent Systems, volume 8, numbers 3 and 4, 2015 // View article intsys_v8_n34_2015_1


Pictogram Creation with Sensory Evaluation Method Based on Multiplex Sign Languages

Authors:
Naotsune Hosono
Hiromitsu Inoue
Miwa Nakanishi
Yutaka Tomita

Keywords: Context of Use; Computer Human Interface; Human Centred Design; Pictogram; Universal Communication; Sensory Evaluation; Smartphone

Abstract:
Human sign languages are originally designed for use by hearing impaired people, and they include semantic expressions in their scope. This paper discusses an original method to create pictograms based on multiplex local sign languages with the concept of “Context of Use” on dialogue, by applying Multivariate Analysis (MVA). Since pictograms are universal communication tools, Human-Centred Design (HCD) and context analysis with a Persona model are applied. The experiments consist of three steps with seven phases. The first step is to measure the similarity of a selected word among seven different local sign languages using MVA. The second step is to guide a pictogram designer to create a new common pictogram, by exploiting results from the first step result. The final step is to validate the newly created pictogram with MVA. Under the cycle of HCD, pictogram designers will summarize the expression of several local sign languages using this method. The acquisition of this experience is to be included as a pictogram design guideline within the context of universal communications, such as emergency and traveling situations. Through the proposed method, the relationship between selected words and local sign languages are initially explained by sensory evaluation of the subjects. The outcome of pictograms or icons of this experiment are implemented on smartphones with a touch panel. The final system is evaluated by hearing impaired subjects and foreigners, to compare qualitative measures of effectiveness, efficiency, and satisfaction based on context of use.

Pages: 233 to 244

Copyright: Copyright (c) to authors, 2015. Used with permission.

Publication date: December 30, 2015

Published in: journal

ISSN: 1942-2679

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