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ThinkMind // SIGNAL 2016, The First International Conference on Advances in Signal, Image and Video Processing // View article signal_2016_3_10_80021


A Method to Separate Musical Percussive Sounds Using Chroma Spectral Flatness

Authors:
Francisco Jesus Canadas-Quesada
Pedro Vera-Candeas
Nicolas Ruiz-Reyes
Antonio Muñoz-Montoro
Francisco Javier Bris-Peñalver

Keywords: Non-negative matrix factorization; Sound source separation; monaural; percussive; chroma; spectral flatness; distortion;

Abstract:
This paper presents an unsupervised Non-Negative Matrix Factorization (NMF) approach to extract percussive sounds from monaural music signals. Due to unconstrained NMF cannot discriminate between percussive, harmonic or singing-voice components in the decomposition process, we propose a novel method to extract percussive sounds based on the anisotropic smoothness of percussive chroma. Thus, percussive sounds can be discriminate because chroma from percussive sounds clearly draws lines along the chroma. Under a NMF framework, a timedomain signal related to a component is labelled as percussive is the energy distribution of its chroma is approximately flat. This proposal does not require information about the number of active sound sources neither prior knowledge about the instruments nor supervised training to classify the bases. Real-world audio mixtures composed of Harmonic/Percussive and Harmonic/Percussive/Singing-voice sounds were evaluated. Experimental results showed that the proposal was effective compared to state-of-the-art methods. An interesting advantage of the proposal is that it can remove most of the singing-voice components from the extracted percussive signals.

Pages: 44 to 49

Copyright: Copyright (c) IARIA, 2016

Publication date: June 26, 2016

Published in: conference

ISSN: 2519-8432

ISBN: 978-1-61208-487-9

Location: Lisbon, Portugal

Dates: from June 26, 2016 to June 30, 2016

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