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ThinkMind // International Journal On Advances in Software, volume 4, numbers 3 and 4, 2011 // View article soft_v4_n34_2011_19


Models of 40-Year Spatial Development of Cities in the Czech Republic in a geographic information system

Authors:
Lena Halounová
Karel Vepřek
Martin Řehák

Keywords: GIS; remote sensing data; city plan; number of inhabitants; urban model; land use; road traffic intensity

Abstract:
There are many indicators of sustainable development of towns defined by urban specialists, sociologists, economists, etc. The paper presents the first part of a project whose goal is to find indicators of harmonic development of towns based on analysis of forty years development of fifty Czech towns. The indicators are studied in land use spatial changes, demography and road traffic intensity changes. First ten towns were processed for the period between 1970 and 2009 being mapped in general urban land use classes and related to the measured road density. City land use class areas were derived from combination of actual and historical city plans and remote sensing data using geographic information system tools. It was found that the traffic intensity within towns and to and from towns is more dependent on existence of close highways and by-pass roads unlike number of inhabitants, e.g. Political changes from the communist regime to the democratic one was also an important breakpoint in the city developments. Increase of the road traffic intensity and enlarging of residential areas are features proving the fact. The paper presents a methodology of spatial mapping of land use classes utilized for determination of town development. The city developments and their relation to road traffic are documented on maps and graphs.

Pages: 471 to 478

Copyright: Copyright (c) to authors, 2011. Used with permission.

Publication date: April 30, 2012

Published in: journal

ISSN: 1942-2628

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