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ThinkMind // International Journal On Advances in Telecommunications, volume 10, numbers 3 and 4, 2017 // View article tele_v10_n34_2017_6


Experimental Assessment of WiFi Coordination Strategies Using Radio Environment Maps

Authors:
Rogerio Dionisio
Paulo Marques
Tiago Alves
Jorge Ribeiro

Keywords: Radio Environment Map; Portable Radio Test-bed; Radio Resource Management; WiFi; Interference Management; Load Balancing

Abstract:
The rapidly increasing popularity of WiFi has created unprecedented levels of congestion in the unlicensed frequency bands, especially in densely populated urban areas. This results mainly because of the uncoordinated operation and the unmanaged interference between WiFi access points. In this context, the main objective of this experiment is to assess the benefit of a coordinated management of radio resources in dense WiFi networks for both 2.4 GHz and 5 GHz bands, using Radio Environment Maps (REM). This experiment has used the w-iLab.t test environment and the portable test-bed provided by iMINDS for indoor scenarios. It was shown that REMs can detect the presence of interfering links on the network (co-channel or adjacent channel interference), and a suitable coordination strategy can use this information to reconfigure Access Points (AP) channel assignment and re-establish the client connection. The coordination strategy almost double the capacity of a WiFi link under strong co–channel interference, from 6.8 Mbps to 11.8 Mbps, increasing the aggregate throughput of the network from 58.7 Mbps to 71.5 Mbps. However, this gain comes with the cost of a relatively high-density network of spectrum sensors, increasing the cost of deployment. The technique of AP hand-off was tested to balance the load form one AP to another, although the aggregate throughput is lower after load balancing. REMs are also capable of detecting coverage holes on the network, and a suitable Radio Resource Management strategy use this information to reconfigure the APs transmit power to re-establish the client connection and increase the throughput of the overloaded AP, at a cost of diminishing the aggregate throughput of the network. The insights coming out from this experiment helped to understand the opportunities and limitations of WiFi coordination strategies in realistic scenarios.

Pages: 155 to 166

Copyright: Copyright (c) to authors, 2017. Used with permission.

Publication date: December 31, 2017

Published in: journal

ISSN: 1942-2601

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