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ThinkMind // International Journal On Advances in Telecommunications, volume 1, number 1, 2008 // View article tele_v1_n1_2008_3


Design and Traffic Engineering of VoIP for Enterprise and Carrier Networks

Authors:
James Yu
Imad Al Ajarmeh

Keywords: VoIP, Erlang B, Call Admission Control, Traffic Engineering, Packet Throughput

Abstract:
The paper presents an extension of the Erlnag-B model for traffic engineering of Voice over IP (VoIP). The Erlang-B model uses traffic intensity and Grade of Service (GoS) to determine the number of trunks in circuit-switched networks. VoIP, however, is carried over packet-switched networks, and network capacity is measured in bits per second instead of the number of trunks. We study different network designs for VoIP, and propose a Call Admission Control (CAC) scheme based on network capacity. We then propose a new measurement scheme to translate network bandwidth into the maximum call load. With this new metric, the Erlang-B model is applicable to VoIP. We conducted experiments to measure the maximum call loads based on various voice codec schemes, including G.711, G.729A, and G.723.1. Our results show that call capacity is most likely constrained by network devices rather than physical connections. Therefore, we recommend considering both packet throughput (pps) and bit throughput (bps) in determining the max call load. If network capacity is constrained by packet throughput, codec schemes would have almost no effect on the maximum call load.

Pages: 27 to 39

Copyright: Copyright (c) to authors, 2008. Used with permission.

Publication date: February 24, 2009

Published in: journal

ISSN: 1942-2601

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